Qamrul Khanson
Wisdom Prevails
Islamic Finance
Eid Al Fitrah Adha
Islamic Moonsighting
Test of Faith
Termination of Life
Human Forgiveness
Fear of Alloh
Strength of Faith
Trust in God
Dooms & Resurrection

The Ultimate Victors

March 09th 2012 – Rabiul Akqhir 16th 1433


Victory is the most sought matter on any expedition. One may be prepared to lose the skirmishes but would certainly exert maximum efforts to win a battle. In our struggle during the course of our lives, there would be many events where the outcome, we may not like, though such outcomes would give us the in depth knowledge as what failed us. Such would be a source of correction and implementation so as to succeed finally. Here we are talking about the successful life which would benefit us in this world and certainly in the world hereafter. Thus the correctness of our selves matters to be ultimate victors.

The absolute correctness of our actions give us the victory, one may say that absolute correctness is not in human hands, which may be answered in other form that the most correct would win. We come back to our previous word correctness which shall be our goal and in the course of actions, whatever we achieve, such would be our capability, rest we leave to Almighty Alloh. But we must ascertain that we have utilized our abilities to the maximum with prudence, resilience and correctness.

If we superseded everyone in a competition, we would win, otherwise the grades are their down the line after missing the prime position. Why we leave someone else to win, let us plan to be ultimate victors collectively by eradicating all negatives from our lives. The ultimate victory we are talking about is for the collective believer’s community, we may not be all equal due to our varying degrees of efforts and gains but we would be eligible to be called victorious in the court of Almighty Alloh as long as we met the basic requirements of eligibility in the court of Almighty Alloh. Such basic abilities mean abiding by the Dos’ and eradicating the Don’ts’. Any extra efforts would be supplementing to our status.

The Qur’an Speaks:


“(The believers who have determination to ward-off evils) their recompense is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens with flowing streams; they abide therein forever. What a blessed reward for the workers! Precedents have been set for you in the past; roam the earth and note the consequences for the unbelievers. This is a proclamation for the people, and a guidance and enlightenment for the righteous. You shall not waver, nor shall you grieve, for you are the ultimate victors, if you are believers. If you suffer hardship, the enemy also suffers the same hardship. We alternate the days of victory and defeat among the people. God thus distinguishes the true believers, and blesses some of you with martyrdom. God dislikes injustice” {The Qur’an – Surah Ale Imran (Chapter: The Amramites) 03:136 - 140}.

The believers in Islam, when due to unconsciousness of mind commit errors in their deeds, upon realization; they immediately start repenting and remember Almighty Alloh to seek ultimate victory over evils. Because of their regained consciousness towards Almighty Alloh and their repentance; Almighty Alloh promises “forgiveness from their Lord and gardens with flowing streams; they abide therein forever” (03: 136).

A person came to The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and said: I committed a sin. The Prophet (PBUH) advised: Seek forgiveness. The person said: I repented but again I committed sin. The Prophet (PBUH) advised: Seek forgiveness again. The person said: I   committed more sins. The Prophet (PBUH) advised: Seek forgiveness continually until Satan gets tired of you. The Prophet (PBUH) further said: The forgiveness of sins is in the jurisdiction of Almighty Alloh [Musnad Bazaar; Musnad Ahmad].

In the battle of Uhud (March 19th 625 AD –   Shawwal 03rd 3 AH), seventy devout companions of The Prophet (PBUH) were martyred. Almighty Alloh in 03: 137 – 138 inculcates the confidence upon the Muslims that irrespective of disbelievers win in Uhud look in the history of Mankind; such disbelievers were later decapitated through the corrective and steadfast efforts of the believers in Almighty Alloh. Such are the precedents which have been set for humans in the past; roam the earth and note the consequences for the unbelievers. This is a proclamation for the people, and a guidance and enlightenment for the righteous that trust Almighty Alloh with steadfast abidance. You shall not waver, nor shall you grieve, for you are the ultimate victors, if you are believers in what The Prophet gives you.

Due to unwavering and steadfast motivation of The Last Messenger Prophet (PBUH) and his companions, Almighty Alloh gave good news after the ‘Treaty of Hudaybiyah’ which was an important event that took place during the struggle against evils of disbelievers and in the formation of Islam. It was a pivotal treaty between The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), representing the state of Medina, and the Quraish tribe of Mecca in March 628 AD (corresponding to Dhul Qa'dah, 6 AH).

“We have bestowed upon you (O Messenger Muhammad PBUH) a great victory.  Whereby (Almighty) Alloh forgives your past sins, as well as future sins, and perfects His blessings upon you, and guides you in a straight path. Additionally, (Almighty) Alloh will support you with an unwavering support. He is the One who places contentment into the hearts of believers to augment more faith, in addition to their faith. To (Almighty) Alloh belong all forces of the heavens and the earth. (Almighty) Alloh is Omniscient, Most Wise. He will certainly admit the believing men and women into gardens with flowing streams, wherein they abide forever. He will remit their sins. This is, in the sight of (Almighty) Alloh, a great triumph. And He will destroy the hypocrite men and women and the idol worshiping men and women, for they have harboured evil thoughts about (Almighty) Alloh. Their evil will backfire against them. (Almighty) Alloh is angry with them, condemns them, and has prepared for them Gahanna. What a miserable destiny! To (Almighty) Alloh belong all the forces in the heavens and the earth. God is Almighty, Most Wise” (48: 01 -07).

Attainment of Mercy from Alloh

February 17th 2012 – Rabiul Awwal 25th 1433


Mercy is the compassionate treatment by the One from whom one begs for clemency. Today "mercy" usually means that we cease to deliver a punishment that is justly deserved; or it means refraining from dishing out pain and punishment generally, usually out of pity. The concept of Mercy is unique in Islam which seeks Peace and Blessings from Almighty Alloh. Islam appreciates those who are kind to their fellow being, and dislikes them who are hard hearted, rude, and hypocrite.

Almighty Alloh is all Merciful, Compassionate and Forgiver. Hence anyone who believes in Him naturally should have the attribute of mercy within too. The-Qur’an; time and again mentions Almighty Alloh’s attribute of Mercy.

A reverend believer in Islam is called Mo’min who has been commanded to initiate or begin his or her work by glorifying Almighty Alloh’s attribute of Mercy and Compassion by reciting ‘In The Name of Alloh The-Gracious The-Merciful’. This is recited daily many times from dusk to dawn and late at night in every Islamic prayer (Salat) and outside of such prayer in our day to day businesses. Recitation of this attribute of Almighty Alloh is not only an indication but an assurance that the heart of a Mo’min is a reservoir for mercy, kindness and compassion for all Almighty Alloh’s creation.

But the attainment of Mercy from Almighty Alloh is conditional to His recognition, His Messenger’s (PBUH) recognition and the recognition of The-Qur’an with its contents and abidance. Besides, one must intentionally seek The-Mercy of Almighty Alloh. We shall never despair in attaining the Mercy from Almighty Alloh because "(Almighty) Alloh has divided mercy into one hundred parts, and He kept ninety-nine parts with Him and sent down one part on the earth, and because of that, one single part; His creatures are merciful to each other, so that even the mare lifts up its hoof away from its baby animal, so that she would not trample on it" [Hadith Bukharie].

Let us not despair and note what The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) further said: "When Alloh completed the creation, He wrote in His book which is with Him on His throne, "My Mercy has overcome My anger" [Hadith Bukharie - Beginning of Creation, Volume 4, Book 54, Number 416].

Condition of Alloh’s Mercy:

"(Thou Mohammad PBUH) It is not up to you; He may redeem them, or He may punish them for their transgressions. To God belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. He forgives whomever He wills, and punishes whomever He wills. God is Forgiver, Most Merciful. O you who believe, you shall not take usury, compounded over and over. Observe God that you may succeed. Beware of the hellfire that awaits the disbelievers. You shall obey God and the Messenger that you may attain mercy" {The Qur’an – Surah Ale Imran (Chapter: The Amramites) 03: 128 - 132}.

Let us comprehend when and how these conditional verses were revealed for the attainment of Mercy from Almighty Alloh. During the battle of Uhud, The-Prophet (PBUH) incurred injuries and he (PBUH) said: "How such a community would get redemption which mistreated their own Prophet (PBUH) though He (PBUH) only invited the people towards One God" during such a statement these verses were revealed to The Prophet Mohammad (PBUH); "It is not up to you; He may redeem them (disbelievers who fought in Uhud against The-Prophet PBUH), or He may punish them for their transgressions".

Almighty Alloh further states that whatever is between the skies, upon and including inside the planets and the universe belong to His control and management without any interference from anyone. Every creation is His Almighty’s making and He is in control over redemption and punishment of people but God is Most Forgiver and Most Merciful.

But the condition is to heed to the commands of Almighty Alloh and what guides The-Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Thou shall not take interest on the money with simple or compound financial advantages (Reba) over the main loaned-out financial amount. Thou shall remain conscious of God’s command and warnings, if you people do so then you would be able to attain betterment from Almighty Alloh. Beware of the fire in hell which has been prepared for the people who do not heed to the commands of Almighty Alloh and what guides The-Prophet (PBUH). If you want to attain The-Mercy of Almighty Alloh “You shall obey God and the Messenger that you may attain mercy”.

Ahadith on Mercy of Almighty Alloh:

Narrated companion Ana’s (RTA): "The-Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said: 'My Lord says, 'If My slave comes nearer to me for a span, I go nearer to him for a cubit; and if he comes nearer to Me for a cubit, I go nearer to him for the span of outstretched arms; and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him running" [Sahih Bukharie, ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED), Volume 9, Book 93, Number 627].

Narrated companion Abu Hurairah (RTA): "Alloh's Apostle (PBUH) said, 'If (Almighty) Alloh loves a person, He calls Gabriel (PBUH), saying, 'Alloh loves so and so, O Gabriel love him' So Gabriel would love him and then would make an announcement in the Heavens: '(Almighty) Alloh has loved so and-so therefore you should love him also'. So all the dwellers of the Heavens would love him, and then he is granted the pleasure of the people on the earth' [Sahih Bukharie, ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED), Volume 9, Book 93, Number 577].

Narrated Jarir bin 'Abdullah (RTA): "(Almighty) Alloh's Apostle said, '(Almighty) Alloh will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to humankind" [Sahih Bukharie, ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED), Volume 9, Book 93, Number 473].


There are almost 112 verses in the Qur’an which indicate the mercifulness of Almighty Alloh; with it there are at least 112 conditions by which Almighty Alloh blesses people with Mercy. Nothing should ever stop us for seeking Mercy from Almighty Alloh.

Prostration in Islam

July 20th 2007 Rajab 06th 1428


Prostration (Sajdah) in Islam is recognition that the prostrater (Sajid) is thankful to Almighty Alloh (The-God) only and everything else is negated as deity. The Sajdah means a prostration to Almighty Alloh in the direction of the Ka’ba at Mecca which is usually done during the daily prayers (Salah). Muslims do Sajdah in each prayer many times depending upon the Rakah (cycles) of prayer. Rakah can be described as a unit of set actions that have to be performed in a prayer.

Sajdah or Sujood are only made to Almighty Alloh alone and none other. In performing Sajdah during the Salat, Muslims face the Holy Ka’ba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, but make their Sujood to Alloh not the Ka’ba. Ka’ba is only a united direction that Muslims face as it is the order of Alloh in The-Qur’an. If any person claiming to be Muslim makes a Sajdah to anything/deity/person other than Almighty Alloh, he is considered a disbeliever (Kafir).

There are numerous things that a Muslim can say during a Sajdah as is evident from the example of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Among these are Dua (Supplication), Hamd (praising of Alloh), Tasbeeh (glorifying Alloh) and statements of Muhammad (SAW) which make a person humble. Muslims are not allowed to recite The-Qur’an during Sujood. There are other Sujood which are performed for thankfulness, Recitation, and in lieu of non-obligatory omissions during Salat which are as follows.

Sajdah Ash Shukr:

It is incumbent upon a Muslim to perform Sajdah Shukr when Almighty Alloh honours him with a success either in monetary form or in the form of a position or in spiritual form. Sajdah Ash-Shukr is prescribed for anything that makes one happy, whether it is attaining some benefit or warding off some harm. This is from the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) that whenever he used to hear news which would make him happy, he would make Sujood for thanking Alloh.

It has been narrated by Abu Hurairah (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) use to perform Sajdah Ash Shukr after being honoured with a benefitting news or dividend [Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah].

It has been narrated by Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) prostrated to Almighty Alloh after he heard that Hamazan has entered into Islamic fold. Then he lifted his head and said: Peace Be Upon Hamazan – Peace Be Upon Hamazan [Baihaqui].

Sajdah At Tilawah:

Sajdah Tilawah is the Sajdah that one has to perform as an obligatory duty when one reads, recites, or hears, in the prayer or outside, some specific verses containing those words. The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has observed: "Once a person prostrates himself after reading a verse requiring the performance of Sajdah, the devil starts crying and wailing in a corner, saying: 'Alas! The children of Adam were enjoined to perform Sajdah and they carried it out, and become entitled to enter <place>Paradise, but I refused to do so and was condemned to Hell" [Muslim and Ibn Majah].

During the recitation of the The-Qur’an there are fourteen places where when the prophet recited those Ayaat (verse) he prostrated to Almighty Alloh. So whenever the Muslims recite Ayaat (verse) from any of those Ayaat, Muslims shall prostrate in following the Sunnah (example) of The Last Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

"When you have recited a verse requiring Sajdah Tilawah, you should go down for Sajdah (once) with Allohu-Akbar and rise from Sajdah with Allohu-Akbar, which may be performed sitting, though it is preferable to prostrate from the standing position" [Abu Dawood].

If a verse requiring a Sajdah has been recited inside the prayer, the Sajdah has to be performed forthwith, but if the verse is recited outside the prayer, it is preferable to perform Sajdah soon afterwards, but one may perform it later as well. If a verse requiring the performance of Sajdah has been recited in a particular prayer, it is obligatory to perform the Sajdah in the same prayer, neither outside it nor in another prayer. If a Sajdah is omitted in forgetfulness, one should ask Almighty Alloh for forgiveness. If a person hears a verse requiring a Sajdah, being recited by the Imam, but joins the congregation when the Imam has already performed it, he will perform the Sajdah after completing his prayer. There will be no need for performing the Sajdah later if the follower has joined the congregation in the Raka’at in which the Sajdah is performed by the Imam.

Sajdah As Sahu:

During the prayer if a person forgets to do one of the actions of prayer he can make up for certain actions by performing two Sujood at the end of the prayer. This can only be done if specific types of actions are forgotten by the person praying. After completing Tashahhud, Salawat Ala Nabi and Dua in the final sitting position one by saying Takbeer, performs two Sujood, one after the other, peacefully. After the second Sajdah, one has to turn face right and left to complete the prayer in usual way.

When an obligatory part of a Salat is ignored or missed intentionally or unintentionally then Sajdah Sahu will not regulate the Salat. If a semi-obligatory part is missed intentionally then Sajdah Sahu will not regulate the Salat. If a semi-obligatory part is missed by forgetfulness then Sajdah Sahu would rectify the Salat.

The obligatory elements of a Salat are 1) Intention 2) Takbeer Tahreema 3) Recitation of Surah Al Fatiha in every Raka’at 4) Rukoo’a 5) Two Sujood in each Raka’at 6) Recitation of Tashahhud in the last Raka’at 7) Salam.

Sajdah Sahu is obligatory when a person omits a Wajib (semi-obligatory) part of Salat, or if a person causes undue delay in performance of a Wajib or Fard part of Salat, or if a person repeats or overdoes something, or if a person recites The Qur'an audibly where it should be recited inaudibly or vice-versa, or if a person forgets to stand in Qauma or to sit in Jalsah, if a person forgets to observe the first sitting (Qua'dah Oula) and stands up, he should not resume the sitting position on remembering the mistake, but should complete the prayer and perform Sajdah Sahu.

The Sajdah Sahu is obligatory when 1) Salam is done before the completion of Salat 2) When Raka’at is performed in excess of recommended 3) When 2nd Raka’at Tashahhud is forgotten with Jalsah and 4) in the presence of uncertainty.

However, if he realizes his mistake before standing up fully, he should sit down and need not perform Sajdah Sahu.


Sajdah is for The-God by The-God recognizing and loving monotheistic people. The monotheistic people are Muslims by their belief and worship to one God and recognize the mode of Sajdah through the teachings of The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

It is compulsory for all the sane and eligible Muslims to make Sujood as part of their five times obligatory prayers. It is also a necessity to make Sujood for the purpose in Salat Al Hajaat and other forms by which mercy of Almighty Alloh is sought by a prostrater (Sajid).


Qhutba Jumu’a 124th

Aug. 31st – 2007 Sha`baan 18th - 1428

Piety is an act of devotion by following the religious tenets to please Almighty Alloh. In return, the pious becomes a serving slave of Almighty Alloh eligible for His Mercy, Forgiveness and a good life in the Hereafter. Piety in Arab Islamic language is known as Taquwah. The word Taquwah is a derivative of the word ittaqa from the root word "waqa", which means "to be protected from the harmful". Essentially, this is what Taquwah is: a protection from that which harms a person. One who practices Taquwah is called Muttaqui, and plural is Muttaqueen.

Having Taquwah, allows a person to be constantly aware of Almighty Alloh's omnipresence, attributes and a reminder of the relationship and responsibility to Him as his creation and servant. The way to Taquwah is through obedience of Alloh, avoiding disobedience, and striving to stay away from doubtful matters. Taquwah is awareness of Almighty Alloh's presence as one moves through life by following His commands. The example of Taquwah is like that of thorny path. When you see a thorn, you keep away from the thorns because of the fear of getting pricked by it. Similarly when you see a sin (Gunaah), you keep away from it because of the fear of Almighty Alloh. Taquwa's meaning is fear, clinging to obedience to Almighty Alloh and abandoning disobedience to Him. In short, it is the sum of all good.

Elements of Taquwah:

·         Consciousness of Almighty Alloh all the time

·         Beware of consequential chastisement from Almighty Alloh

·         Continual love to Almighty Alloh through devotion to His commands

·         Committing to basic tenets of Islam which nourish love to Him

·         Expecting and Reaping the benefits from Almighty Alloh

Benefits of Taquwah:

·         "Guidance for the Muttaqueen".

·         "Truly, (Almighty) Alloh is with the people who have Taquwah".

·         "(Almighty) Alloh is the close friend of the Muttaqueen".

·         "Truly (Almighty) Alloh loves the Muttaqueen".

·         "Whoever has Taquwah of (Almighty) Alloh He will cover over his wrong actions and magnify a reward for him".

Commands on Taquwah:

The word Taquwah has been mentioned in the Qur'an 251 times in many Chapters. This large number of verses related to Taquwah is an indication of the importance of the subject and the dimension that the concept of Taquwah is involved. . Taquwah is the central concept running through the Qur’an.

"Alif. Lam. Mim. This is the book wherein there is no doubt; a guidance unto those who ward off (evil): who believe in the Ghaib (Unseen), and establish Salat (five times prayers), and spend of that We have bestowed upon them: and who believe in that which is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee, and are certain of the Hereafter" {The Qur’an – Surah Al Baqarah (Chapter: The heifer) 02: 1 – 4}.

"And vie one with another for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth prepared for those who ward off (evil); those who spend (of that which Allah has given them) in ease and in adversity, those who control their wrath and are forgiving toward mankind; Allah loves the good; and those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins - who forgives sins save Allah only? And will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did" {The Qur’an – Surah Ale Imran (Chapter: The Amramites) 03: 133-135}.

"Oh humankind: We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with (Almighty) Alloh is that who has Taquwah. Verily, (Almighty) Alloh is All- knowing, All-Aware" {The Qur’an – Surah Al Hujurat (Chapter: The Enclave) 49:13}.

By the sun and its brightness - The moon that follows it - The day that reveals - The night that covers - The sky and Him who built it - The earth and Him who sustains it. "And a soul and Him who perfected it and inspired it (with conscience of) what is Fujoor (wrong) for it and (what is) Taquwah (piety) for it. He is indeed successful who causeth it to grow, and he is indeed a failure who stunteth it" {The Qur’an – Surah Ash Shams (Chapter: The Sun) 91:7-10}.

Conclusion: I request you kindly to look into the concept of Taquwah, and to practice the total meaning of Taquwah in your private life as well as in your public life. If you do so, you will be loved by Allah; you will enter paradise and you will have the best of what is in paradise.

Esteem of Ramado’an Fasting

Qhutba Jumu’a 126th

Ramado’an 2nd 1428 – September 14th 2007

"When My servants ask you about Me, I am always near. I answer their prayers when they pray to Me. The people shall respond to Me and believe in Me, in order to be guided" {The Qur’an – Surah Al Baqarah (Chapter: The Heifer) 02: 186].


Ramado’an is constituted in three tens of days. The first ten days are of Mercy so people shall seek Mercy of Almighty Alloh most abundantly. The second ten days of the month are forgiveness thus people shall seek forgiveness by reciting Istaghfar. The 3rd ten days are safety from the Hell fire so people shall seek freedom from the fire of hell so people shall supplicate for it.

For a fasting person, certain elements of fasting are beautifying for the fast which brings a fasting person closer to Almighty Alloh. Thus, a Muslim fasting person would respect such elements to attain piety and dividends from Almighty Alloh. Such elements are: -

1. Sahrie (Self Feeding before Dawn): Self feeding just before dawn is considered an act of excellence for the benefit of fasting. Such an act is called Sahrie which brings relief to the fasting person and subdues their desire during the time of fasting from dawn to dusk.

Companion Ana’s (RTA) narrates a Hadith from The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in which he advised the fasting people: Eat at Sahrie because it is a source of Barakah (dividend) [Bukharie, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasa’ee, and Ibn Majah].

Companion Abu Sa’eed Qhudri (RTA) narrated that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: Eating Sahrie is a source of Barakah. Thus do not eradicate Sahrie, even if you only sip a mouthful of water at the time Sahrie. Almighty Alloh and His angels proclaim supplication for such a fasting person who values Sahrie by feeding self at the time [Musnad Imam Ahmad].

Companion Amr Bin Aous (RTA) narrated that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: The difference between our fasting and of the people of book is the self feeding at the time Sahrie [Ahmad, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasa’ee, and Ibn Qhuzaima].

Companion Abu Hurairah (RTA) narrated that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: When among you (fasting people) listens to the voice of Azan and feeding pot is in the hand, the feeding man shall not keep away that feeding pot until finishes the feeding necessity [Abu Dawood].

2. Iftar (Breaking of Fast): It is a consolidated opinion among the Muslims that the end of fasting is the time when sun sets and the dusk begins.

Companion Sahl Bin Sa’ad (RTA) narrated that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: The people (in Islam) would be safe as long as they delay the intake of food in Sahrie until the last minute and they rush to break the fast the moment sun sets [Bukharie Muslim].

In another but connecting narration Companion Abu Hurairah (RTA) narrated that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: The religion of Islam would be dominant as long as people would rush to break the fast the moment sun sets. Jews and Christian always delay in breaking the fast [Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Nasa’ee and Hakim].

3. Control of Tongue: Companion Abu Hurairah (RTA) narrates from The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) who said: The one who does not control his tongue even under the status of Ramado’an fasting and tells lies (kizb) with action upon it then (Almighty) Alloh does not need from him / her to leave his food and drinks [Bukharie, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Nasa’ee, Ibn Majah].

Companion Abu Hurairah (RTA) narrates from The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) who said: Fasting (in the month of Ramado’an) is not (only) the name of leaving food and drinks but refraining from gossip and evil talks. If someone abuses you (and you are under fast) or behaves with you with ignorance then you tell him / her that Oh beloved I am fasting [Hakim, Ibn Qhuzaima, Ibn Habban].

4. Act of Charity: Companion Ibn Abbas acclaims that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was the most benevolent (charitable) person in the humankind. He (SAW) use to become more charitable when Archangel Gabriel (PBUH) use to visit him during the month of every Ramado’an night. In the nights of Ramado’an He (SAW) use to recite The-Qur’an and He (PBUH) use to listen. At those moments, The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) use to be more benevolent and charitable than the free flowing air [Bukharie].

5. Last Ten Days of Ramado’an: Though all parts of Ramadan are full of blessings and rewards, its last ten days hold a special status reflected in the recommendations and practices of the Messenger (SAW) of Alloh, and his companions.

Ummul Mo’mineen Aisha narrates that during the last ten days of Ramado’an; the Messenger of Alloh would wake his wives up during the night and then remain apart from them (that is, being busy in acts of worship). It is further narrated that "He would strive (to do acts of worship) during the last ten days of Ramado’an more than he would at any other time" [Al-Bukharie and Muslim].


Sahl Bin Sa`d (RTA): The Prophet (SAW) said, "In Jannah there is a gate which is called Ar-Raiyan through which only those who observe Saum (fasting) will enter on the Day of Resurrection. None else will enter through it. It will be called out, "Where are those who observe fasting?'' So they will stand up and proceed towards it. When the last of them would enter, the gate will be closed, then no one will enter through that gate" [Muslim].


June 22 - 2007


Salah is the ritual prayer practised by Muslims in supplication to Almighty Alloh. The term is commonly used to refer to the five daily prayers, which are compulsory upon all mature Muslims. Salat (plural Salawat) is considered the most important act of worship in Islam and its importance is such that under very few circumstances can it be omitted. Nafl Salat is optional and regarded as extra prayers which bring more reward. Nafil Salat are voluntary, and one may offer as many as he or she likes almost any time but certain Salat are time based and have been specifically performed by The Prophet Muhammad (SAW). But they cannot be offered at sunrise, true noon, or sunset. The prohibition against Salat at these times is to prevent the notion as well as the practice of sun worship. In Islam, Worship is only for Almighty Alloh.

Salat At Tahajjud:

Salat At Tahajjud is classified as a Sunnah prayer which is regulated with specific times and the performance of it, which is emphasized. Tahajjud may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the latter part of the night, but after the obligatory Salat Al Aisha. It is best to delay Salat At Tahajjud to the last third portion of the night. It is performed in eight Raka’at plus three Raka’at for the Witr Salat.

Salat Al Hajat:

Salat Al Hajaat is a prayer that is performed for the accomplishment of a particular legal desire and task. Who so ever desires a task to be fulfilled; abluted person shall pray two Raka’at of Salat Al Hajat and should supplicate to Almighty Alloh after the Salat to get the desire fulfilled.

Abu Darda (RTA) narrated that The Last Messenger prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: Whoever performs ablution well, and offers two Raka’at voluntary (Salat Al Hajat) and completes them to perfection, Almighty Alloh would grant him/her whatever is prayed for either immediately or at appropriate times [Ahmad].

Narrated Abdulloh Bin Abu Aufee (RTA) that The Last Prophet Messenger Muhammad (SAW) said: Any human who wishes a task from Almighty Alloh or from any human, he / she should perform a proper ablution and then perform two Raka’at Salat Hajat. Then the musalli should supplicate to Almighty Alloh with Salawat Ala Nabi Muhammad (SAW) for the fulfilment of the task followed by this supplication [Tirmidhi- Imam Hakim].

La Ilaha Illal-lahu, Al Haleemo, Al Kareemo, Subhanallohi Rabbil Arshil Azeem. Alhamdolillahi Rabbil Aalameen, Asaluka Moujibate Rahmatika Wa Azaa’ima Maghfiratika, Wa Alghaneemata Minn Birrin Wa Assalamah Minn Kulli Ithm. La Tada Lee Zanba Illa Ghafarta, Wa La Hamman Illa Farrajtah, Wa La Hajatan Hi’a Laka Rida Illa Qadaitaha – Ya Ar Hamar Rahimeen.

Salat Al Ishraque:

Ishraque Prayer is a Nafil prayer which is performed about 12 minutes after sunrise. It has only 2 Raka’at but Ahadith are replete with the high merits of this prayer.

In a lengthy narration, Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RTA) is reported to have said: 'In the morning when the sun rises to the height of that the same as it is at the time of Asr, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) used to perform (at least) 2 Raka’at Salat Ishraque [Shamaail Tirmidhi, Hadith No.271].

The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is reported to have said that Almighty Alloh says: 'Oh son of Adam, perform Four Raka’at of Salat (Ishraque) in the early part of the day. I shall help you in accomplishing all your responsibilities during the rest of the day' [Mishquat pg.116].

Abu Hurairah relates that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has said that "He who says Ishraque prayers without fail shall have his lesser sins forgiven even though they may be as numerous as foam specks on the surface of the sea" [Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah].

Abu Hurairah (RTA) has also related that the eternally blessed Prophet (SAW) once sent some companions on jihad. They returned soon with much booty. Someone asked in surprise how the military expedition returned so soon with so much booty. The Holy Prophet said: "Should I not tell you about the men who would come back even sooner and still more booty?" Then he said, "He who performs his ablution well, then completes his Ajar prayer and then (after sunrise) performs his Ishraque prayer, comes sooner and with greater booty" [Targhib p. 427. vol. 01].

A tradition related by Abu Dhar Ghifari tells us that a man has 360 joints in his body. To rid each from the hellfire, he should do at least 360 good deeds, which were subsequently described by our Holy Prophet. He said that saying Almighty Alloh once is one good deed, saying Al Hamdulillah is another and saying La Iilaha Illallah is the third; to bid someone do good is a good deed and to stop someone from sin is also a good deed. Then after reciting the whole list, our Prophet said: - "And in place of all these good deeds, (at least) 2 Raka’at prayed at the time of Ishraque can also suffice" [Sahih Muslim].

Salat Ad-Doha (Chasht):

It is a supererogatory prayer performed in the morning after the sun has covered 1/4th of the day. Its time is from the rising of the sun a spear-length from the horizon until it passes its zenith, while the preferred time is that one begins it after one quarter of the day has passed. However, on the Day of Eid, the preferred time for Salat Ad Doha is the earliest time than Eid.

Narrated Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: When the sun rose in the east to the height where it is in the west at the time of Zuhr Salat, he (SAW) performed 4 Raka’at (Salat At Doha, Chasht)' [Shamaail Tirmidhi, Hadith No.271].

Narrated Utba Ibn `Abd (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: "Whoever prays the dawn prayer in congregation then waits patiently until he offers the Doha prayer (after Ishraque), there shall be for him the reward of a pilgrim for both the major and minor pilgrimages, complete and not missing anything" [Tabarani, Sunan Abi Dawood].

Narrated Hasan Ibn `Ali (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) also said: "Whoever prays the Fajar prayer then sits in his place of prayer remembering Alloh until sunrise, then prays two Raka’at of Doha (after Ishraque), Alloh shall make him forbidden to the Fire, nor shall it touch him nor consume him" Narrated from al-Hasan Ibn `Ali by al-Baihaqui].

Narrated Abu Ýe la (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) also said: "Whoever gets up when the sun is before his eyes, performs a thorough ablution then stands and prays two Raka’at (Doha/Chasht), his sins are forgiven as when his mother gave birth to him" [Sheikh `Abd Almighty Alloh Siraj al-Din in the chapter on Salat al-Doha of his book al-Salat Fil Islam (p. 129)].

Salat Al Awwabin:

The name Awwabin applies more specifically to it when it is prayed at its midmorning time i.e. before Zuhr by one or two hours. Narrated Zaid Ibn Arqam (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: "Salat Al-Awwabin is when the young camels' hoofs burn from the heat".

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: "None is assiduous in keeping Salat al-Doha except one who is oft-repentant (Awwabin), and it is the prayer of the oft-repentant (wa hiya Salat al-Awwabin)" [Ibn Khuzayma in his Sahih, al-Hakim who graded it Sahih as per Muslim's criterion, al-Tabarani in al-Awsat, al-Bukharie in his Tarikh, and Ibn Marduwyah].

Salat Al Istisqua:

Salat ul istasqa is a prayer consisting of two Rakah performed during the times of drought to ask Almighty Alloh for rain. The imam prays, with the followers, two Raka’at during any time except those times in which it is not desirable to pray. In the first Rakah, the imam recites Surah Al-A'la after Surah Al-Fatiha. And in the second Rakah, he reads Surah Al-Ghashiyah after Al-Fatiha, and he delivers a Qhutbah before or after the Salah.

Salat Al Istiqhara:

This Salat is a necessity for the one who seeks success in the planned work or expedition but he is unable to take a decision. Salat Al Istiqhara is simply a two Rakat Salat performed normally after the Salat Al Aisha. After the performance of Salat Al Istiqhara, the special supplication especially oriented as Dua Al Istiqhara shall be recited with the intention that Almighty Alloh would fulfil the need. The Dua could be obtained from the books of Ahadith which is as Allohumma Inne Astaqheeroka …………..Ardini Behee.

Salat At Tasbeeh:

Salat At Tasbeen is one of the best dividend for the Muslims which is full in spirituality and personal elevation. Ikramah (RTA) narrates from Abdulloh Ibn Abbas (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) explained to his uncle Abbas (RTA): Oh beloved uncle, should I not gift you a special thing? Should I not tell you ten things which you should complete so that Almighty Alloh forgives all sins of beginning and end, old and new, committed knowingly and unknowingly, open and hidden of you. Such ten things are the recitations of supplication in four Raka’at of Salat al Nawafil. Perform four Raka’at Salat; recite Surah Al Fatiha and a connecting Surah from The-Qur’an as usual. When you finish the first Raka’at, recite in standing form 15 times: Subhanallohi, Wal Hamdolillahi, Wa La Ilaha Illallohu, Wallohu Akbar.

Then go to Rukoo’a and recite it 10 times, lift your head from Rukoo’a and recite it 10 times, then repeat in Sajdah, repeat it in Qaumah, recite again in Sajdah, recite it in Jalsa Istaraha, thus a total of seventy five would complete in one Rakah. Repeat it in four Raka’at. This would complete your Salat after Salam.

Perform such a Salat daily, or once in a week, or once in a year or at least perform once in your life [Abu Dawood – Ibn Majah – Ibn Qhazeema – Tabarani – Baihaqui].

Salat Al Khusuf:

At a time of a lunar eclipse there is a recommended prayer that is performed by the Muslim community in congregation. Salat Al Khusuf is a two Rakah prayer performed during a lunar eclipse. Khusuf (Lunar Eclipse) Salah (Prayers) is a Nafil (Extra Obligatory) Salah (Prayers). It is offered at the time of a lunar eclipse. Khusuf Salah is offered only in the areas of lunar eclipse. Two or four Rakah (Units) of Khusuf Salah are offered in a Jama’at (Group). Neither Adhan (Call for Prayers) nor Iqamah (Second Call for Prayers) is called for Khusuf Salah. Recitation of the Quran during Khusuf Salah can be done either silently or loudly.

Salat Al Kusoof:

At a time of a solar eclipse, there is a recommended prayer that is performed by the Muslim community in congregation. Salat Al Kusoof is a prayer consisting of two Rakah performed during a solar eclipse. A solar eclipse (Al Kusoof) once occurred at the Prophet’s time. Everyone left their jobs and hastened towards the mosque to see what the Prophet Mohammed would do at that time. The Prophet of started two Raka’at of Salah, which were so long that some people fainted and fell down. He wept in his Salah and said, “O, my Lord! Thou hast said that thou wouldst not punish them as long as I am amongst them and so long as they seek forgiveness”. He then addressed the people saying, “You should hasten for Salah whenever you happen to find the sun or moon in eclipse. If you happen to know the signs of the last day as I do then surely you would weep more and laugh less. In all such happenings, make haste towards Salah; pray to Almighty Alloh and distribute alms to the poor”.

During the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), there was a solar eclipse on the day that his son Ibrahim died. Some superstitious people said that the sun eclipsed because of the young child's death and the Prophet's sadness on that day. The Prophet corrected their understanding: Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba: On the day of Ibrahim's death, the sun eclipsed and the people said that the eclipse was due to the death of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet). Almighty Alloh's Apostle said: "The sun and the moon are two signs amongst the signs of Almighty Alloh. They do not eclipse because of someone's death or life. So when you see them, invoke Almighty Alloh and pray till the eclipse is clear".

v An eclipse is a sign of the majesty and power of Almighty Alloh.

v An eclipse can cause people to become frightened. When frightened, Muslims turn to Almighty Alloh for patience and perseverance.

v An eclipse is a reminder of the Day of Judgment.

Salat Al Fatah: Salat Al Fatah "The Victory Prayer" is performed because it is established that the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) prayed it in the morning he entered <city><place>Mecca (in al-Bukharie and Muslim) and this has become the Sunnah of military leaders upon entering a newly-conquered region.

Salat Al Janazah:

The performance of Salat Al Janazah is Para-Obligatory. This has been ordained by The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) that after the preparation of body with Bathing and clothing, it is compulsory to perform his/her Salat al Janazah.

It has been narrated by Abu Hurairah (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) use to oblige people to perform the Salat Al Janazah for the person if the deceased is under debt. However, if the deceased is free from the debt and after confirming it, he (SAW) use to lead the Salat Al Janazah by himself as Imam.

It has been narrated by Abu Hurairah (RTA) that The Last Messenger Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: The one who performs Salat Al Janazah for a deceased person, the Thawab (reward) for it is equal to One Qeerat (mountain Uhud). The one who waits till the burial is finished then the reward is doubled to two Qeerat (two mountains of Uhud) [Bukharie, Muslim and Nisei].


Auth. Qamrul Khanson   |  Islamic Spirituality   |  Qhutba Archives   |  Marital Affairs   |  Canadian Muslims   |  World Politics
Copyright @ 2006 Qamrul A. Khanson